The requirements and prohibitions that apply to the mailing of firearms in domestic mail, as stated in chapter 4 and DMM 601.11, also apply to international mail subject to any restrictions in the Individual Country Listings in the IMM. The mailer must obtain an export license for mailing the following firearms:
- Nonautomatic and semiautomatic rifles, carbines, revolvers, and pistols (regardless of caliber), except those of .50 caliber or less manufactured before 1898.
- Shotguns with barrels less than 18 inches long.
- All machine guns, submachine guns, machine pistols, and fully automatic rifles.
To obtain an export license, mailers should contact the following federal agency:
U.s department of state
pm/dtc ste 1200 sa-1
2401 e st nw
WASHINGTON DC 20037–2915
Export of firearms to certain specified overseas military post offices (APOs/FPOs) is prohibited. To determine if the mailing of firearms to a specific APO or FPO is prohibited, refer to the table titled “Conditions Applied to Mail Addressed to Military Post Offices Overseas,” which is published periodically in the Postal Bulletin. Footnote F of this table lists the restrictions for mailing firearms. If the destination military post office permits the shipment of firearms (if no Footnote F restrictions are assigned to the specific APO or FPO), the mailer must present an export license obtained from the regional ATF office.
Under the following conditions, members of the armed forces may mail rifles or shotguns without an import permit:
- Incident to a permanent change of duty or release from active duty, any member of the armed forces who has been stationed on active duty outside the United States for the preceding 60 days may, without an import permit, present up to three rifles or shotguns that are mailable under DMM 601.11 to the appropriate armed forces transportation officer to be forwarded to the member’s residence as unaccompanied baggage officially shipped through the mail. Firearms imported in this manner must be intended for the member’s personal use.
- Any member of the armed forces who wishes to import more than three firearms mailable under DMM 601.11 must prepare ATF Form 6, Application and Permit for Importation of Firearms, Ammunition, and Implements of War, and must comply with Department of Defense (DOD) Regulation 5030.49–R and other appropriate military directives.
- The three–firearm limitation does not apply to firearms mailable under DMM 601.11 for which the member of the armed forces has proof of prior ownership in the United States. A member may personally mail these other firearms back into the United States, or to any of its possessions, if the member can establish to the satisfaction of the U.S. Customs Service that he or she previously took the firearms out of the United States or any of its possessions.
- Any member of the armed forces importing firearms under a, b, or c of this section must prepare ATF Form 6A, Release and Receipt of Imported Firearms, Ammunition, and Implements of War, under
27 CFR 178.114(b). In addition, the member’s authorized agent must furnish this form and associated certification to the customs officer releasing the firearms.