USPS Homepage Skip navigation     USPS Home | Postal Explorer Home
Section divider line


Quick Service Guide 230d

Discount Letters and Cards

First-Class Mail Automation Letters and Cards

May 2007
Printer-Friendly PDF

Related QSGs

Section divider line

201b, Using Tabs, Wafer Seals, and Glue Strips

230a, First-Class Mail Move Update

Physical Standards (201)

Section divider line

Maximum weight: 3.5 ounces.

Heavy letter mail weighing more than 3 ounces must have a barcode in the address block and be prepared in a sealed envelope in 201.3.13.4.

For an overview of the physical standards for discount letters and cards, see Quick Service Guide 201.

Rates and Fees (233.1.0)

Section divider line

Weight Not Over (ounces)
5-Digit
3-Digit
AADC
Mixed AADC
1
$0.312
$0.334
$0.341
$0.360
2
0.437
0.459
0.466
0.485
3
0.562
0.584
0.591
0.610
3.5
0.687
0.709
0.716
0.735
Card Rate1
0.191
0.204
0.208
0.220
1The card rate applies to each single and double postcard when originally mailed.

Annual $175.00 presort mailing fee.

Content (233.2.0)

Section divider line

First-Class Mail is required for personal correspondence, handwritten or typewritten material, and bills or statements of account. It may also be used for any mailable item including advertisements and lightweight merchandise.

Eligibility Standards (233.5.0)

Section divider line

Mailings of 500 or more addressed pieces, 100% delivery point or Intelligent Mail barcoded (DPBC), sorted, and marked as described below. All pieces must be automation-compatible (201.3.0). Pieces mailed at card rates and pieces mailed at letter rates must meet separate 500-piece minimums.

Each piece must also include a complete delivery address with correct ZIP Code or ZIP+4 code.

For address standards, see 233.5.4; for barcode standards see 708.4.0; and for CASS/MASS standards see 708.3.0.

Addresses on all pieces must be updated within 185 days before mailing through a USPS-approved address update method (e.g., ACS, NCOALink, FASTforward, or the appropriate ancillary service endorsement under 507.1.0). For an overview of the move update standards, see Quick Service Guide 230a.

Addresses must be matched using CASS/MASS-certified process within 180 days before mailing.

All letter-size reply cards and envelopes (business reply, courtesy reply, and metered reply mail) provided as enclosures must meet the standards in 201.3.14.

Mailers can apply Repositionable Notes to letters for an additional charge of $0.005. See 709.5.0.

Postage Payment and Documentation (234)

Section divider line

Precanceled stamp (604.3.0), meter (604.4.0), or permit imprint (604.5.0).

Additional standards apply to mailings of nonidentical-weight pieces.

Documentation:

  • Postage statement: Form 3600-R or approved facsimile.
  • Form 3553 must be retained for 1 year (708.3.5.2).
  • Supporting documentation: required unless correct rate affixed to each piece or unless each piece is of identical weight and separated by rate when presented for acceptance; documentation generated by PAVE-certified software (or printed in standardized format).

Mail Preparation (235)

Section divider line

Mark each piece: "First-Class," and "AUTO" in the postage area. For optional marking location, see 202.3.0. Pieces bearing a delivery point barcode or an Intelligent Mail barcode in the address block or on an insert visible through a window do not require the additional "AUTO" marking. Pieces not marked "AUTO" must bear both the "Presorted" or "PRSRT" and "First-Class" markings. For rate markings applied by MLOCRs, see 202.3.5. Pieces not claimed at an automation rate must not be marked "AUTO" unless single-piece postage is affixed or a corrective single-piece rate marking is applied under 235.5.1.2.

When preparing full trays, mailers must fill all possible 2-foot trays first; if there is mail remaining for the presort destination, mailers must use a combination of 1-foot and 2-foot trays that results in the fewest total number of trays for that presort level.

Barcoded tray labels required (235.4.9).

See reverse for preparation and labeling.

Trays sleeved and strapped (235.3.4). See 235.3.5 for exceptions to strapping for mixed AADC trays and mailings that originate and destinate in delivery area of same SCF.

Enter and Deposit (236)

Section divider line

Mailing entered at an acceptance point designated by USPS.

For the specific DMM standards applicable to this category of mail, consult the DMM sections referenced above and the general sections within each DMM module.

Traying Sequence (235.6.0)
5-Digit/Scheme1
Trays: Optional, but required for 5-digit rate. 150-piece minimum to same 5-digit/scheme destination; bundling not permitted except for card-sized pieces; only one overflow tray permitted per destination.2
Barcoded Labels: Line 1: For 5-digit scheme trays, use destination in City State Product. For 5-digit trays, use city, state, and 5-digit ZIP Code on mail.
Rate: 5-Digit
3-Digit/Scheme1
Trays: Required, 150 pieces to same 3-digit/scheme destination; bundling not permitted; only one overflow tray permitted per destination.2
Exception: After all full trays are prepared, one less-than-full tray must be prepared for any remaining pieces for each 3-digit/scheme of SCF serving post office where mail is verified.
Barcoded Labels: For Line 1, use L002, Column B, for destination facility.
Rate: 3-Digit or AADC3
AADC
Trays: Required, 150 pieces to same AADC; bundling not permitted; pieces within trays grouped by 3-digit/scheme destination; only one overflow tray permitted per destination.2
Barcoded Labels: For Line 1, use L801, Column B for destination facility.
Rate: AADC
Mixed AADC
Trays: Required for all remaining pieces placed in mixed AADC trays; pieces within trays grouped by AADC tray; only one less-than-full mixed AADC tray permitted per mailing.
Barcoded Labels: For Line 1, use L201. For mail originating in 3-digit ZIP Codes in Column A, use "MXD" followed by city/state/3-digit ZIP Code in Column C.
Rate: Mixed AADC

This graphic shows the traying sequence for First-Class Mail Automation Letters and Cards as described in the text.

Bundling required for mailings consisting entirely of card-size pieces and for pieces in overflow and less-than-full trays. The maximum thickness for a bundle is 6 inches.
1For the 5-digit rate, prepare all possible 5-digit scheme trays, then prepare all possible 5-digit trays. Mailers must prepare all possible 3-digit scheme trays, then prepare all possible 3-digit trays.
2Instead of preparing overflow trays with fewer than 150 pieces, mailers may include pieces in the next tray level if it results in at least 150 pieces in that tray. The rate is based on the overflow tray that would have been made (i.e., pieces placed in a 3-digit tray in lieu of 5-digit overflow trays are eligible for the 5-digit rate). Pieces placed in the next tray level must be grouped by destination and placed in the front of the tray. This option may be used selectively for 3-digit/scheme and AADC ZIP Codes. The overflow option does not apply to 3-digit origin trays.
3AADC rate for any 3-digit/scheme tray for the origin SCF area containing fewer than 150 pieces.

4. Use "5D BC" on 5-digit trays; on 5-digit scheme trays, use "BC 5D SCHEME."
5. Use "3D BC" on 3-digit trays; on 3-digit scheme trays, use "BC 3D SCHEME" and, if applicable, as shown in L002, Column B, followed by the letter "A," "B," or "C."

 

Back to Top